Fall foliage


Turtle Island: Storytelling Peopling North America:How? North American Culture Areas of Native Americans Maps

Click on the black dots/hotspots by the tribal name for a separate web page about geographic, geologic information and how native American stories explain the events of the past 10,000 years.

Abenaki| Cherokee| Haudenosonee | Inuit Wampanoag |

Map from http://daphne.palomar.edu/llewis/AIS101/101Handouts/Culture%20Areas%20of%20NA.jpg

Common Indigenous Labels used in the United States and Canada

Indigenous: Commonly used around the world, and increasingly being used in North America as a collective term to describe people formerly known as Natives, Aborigines, and Indians.

Aboriginal: Rarely used in the United States, but commonly used in Canada as a collective term for Indian, Inuit, and Metis.

Eskimo: Commonly used in the United States to refer to the Indigenous peoples of Arctic Alaska

First Nation: Commonly used in Canada for Native American peoples; rarely used in the United States.

Indian: A legal and common term used in both the United states and Canada. Remains in wide use in the United States, but less often in Canada.

Inuit: The common term used in Canada to describe the Indigenous peoples of Arctic Canada, replacing "Eskimo", also in use in Greenland.

Native American: A term widely used in the United States to include both Indians and Alaska Natives; rarely used in Canada. 1.

1. Muckle, Robert James. Indigenous Peoples of North America: A Concise Anthropological Overview. Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto, 2012. Print.


This site was created by Diana T. Mackiewicz at the NEH Summer Institute "Native Americans of New England: A Historical Overview," administered by the Five Colleges, Inc. and held at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, MA, Summer 2013. Last updated August, 2013.